1. OVERVIEW OF THE REGION
The Northern Region, which occupies an area of about 70,383 square kilometers, is the largest region in Ghana in terms of land area. It shares boundaries with the Upper East and the Upper West Regions to the North, the Brong Ahafo and the Volta Regions to the south, and two neighbouring countries, the Republic of Togo to the east, and La Cote d’Ivoire to the west.
The land is mostly low lying except in the north-eastern corner where we have the Gamabaga escarpment and also along the western corridor. The region is drained by the Black and White Volta and their tributaries, Rivers Nasia, Dakar, etc.
Climate and Vegetation
The climate of the region is relatively dry, with a single rainy season that begins in May and ends in October. The amount of rainfall recorded annually varies between 750 mm and 1050 mm. The dry season starts in November and ends in March/ April with maximum temperatures occurring towards the end of the dry season (March – April) and minimum temperatures in December and January.
The main vegetation is classified as vast areas of grassland, interspersed with guinea savannah woodland, characterised by drought-resistant trees such as acacia, baobab, shea nut, dawadawa, mango, neem, etc.
The population of the region is 1,820,806 (i.e. 2000 census) representing 9.6% of the country’s population. This translates into a growth rate of 2.8 % over the 1984 population of 1,162,645. This rate of growth is much lower than that of 3.4% recorded between 1970 and 1984.
The World Fertility Survey estimated the total fertility rate (TFR) of the region at 7.9 in 1979/1980. The Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) of 1993 and 1998 also estimated the Regional TFR at 7.4 (1990) and 7.0 (1995), suggesting a relatively little decreasing fertility over the period of 4.9, which is significantly lower than the picture presented by the DHS figures, this may be a reflection of fertility reducing programmes in the past decade.
The Region is divided into 18 political administrative areas or Districts; namely:
- Bole District
- Bunkpurugu-Yunyoo District
- Central Gonja District
- East Gonja District
- East Mamprusi District
- Gushiegu District
- Karaga District
- Nanumba North District
- Nanumba South District
- Saboba/Chereponi District
- Savelugu/Nanton District
- Sawla-Tuna-Kalba District
- Tolon Kumbungu District
- West Gonja District
- West Mamprusi District
- Yendi District
- Zabzugu/Tatale District
- Tamale Metropolitan Assembly
The CWSA operates in 17 out of the 18 Districts as we have not had any serious activity in Tamale Rural.
2. REGIONAL STAKEHOLDERS
The CWSA has a number of stakeholders/collaborators, both Government and non-Government entities.
Some of the public sector entities include;
- The Ghana Health Service (GHS)
- The Ghana Education Service (GES)
- The Local Authorities (District Assemblies)
The non-Government (NGOs) entities would include;
- World Vision Ghana
- Church of Christ
- New Energy
- Opportunities Industrialisation Centre (OIC)
- Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA)