There is the need for strong advocacy by key stakeholders in the sector for increased government budget support to the agency. The CWSA Board of Directors and possibly the major development partners can play this advocacy role.
There is need for increased collaboration at all levels to improve upon the working relationships at the District Assembly level. The Ministry of Water Resources, Works and Housing through the Water Directorate can dialogue at the national level with Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Environment (MLGRDE) to get the litter to positively influence the CWSA and District Assemblies (DAs) working relationship. In the same vein the CWSA Regional Offices should engender cordial working relationship with the DAs at their level. And DAs are expected to take up the challenge of sub district level collaboration.
There are a number of steps being pursued to address the issues related to poor water quality. For instance, the Agency is collaborating with GWCL in the testing of water samples from drilled boreholes and hand-dug wells. The Regional Water and Sanitation Teams (RWSTs) actually utilize the GWCL Laboratories in the various regions to test the water from the completed facilities (borehole, hand-dug well and piped schemes).
Plans are also far advanced to sand personnel of CWSA to countries like Nigeria, Bangladesh, and India etc. which are plagued with similar water quality problems to understudy how these communities are handling the issues of Arsenic and Fluoride. Lessons learnt from these tours could be replicated back here in Ghana.
The Ghana Standards Board (GSB) has also been requested by CWSA to validate and standardize water quality parameters on groundwater for drinking for the country. Quality standards being used now are for drinking water based on surface water source.
DIFFICULT HYDRO GEOLOGICAL AREAS
Currently the Agency has resorted to hydro fracturing in some regions as a means to improving the yields the yields of low yielding boreholes. Some new silting techniques have also been introduced and tested in the Northern Region of Ghana. These are 2D and the EKS.
Reports have so far indicates that these innovative techniques have improved the success rate. The Agency will thus carry out further tests on these, and if found to be reliable or viable or viable they will be adopted nationwide or introduced into the sub-sector.
Again there is the need for strict supervision of borehole silting consultants to ensure that they do a good job to commensurate with the monies paid them for silting contracts. Alongside this, it is even being proposed that silting firms should not be paid in instances where the drilling companies fail to hit water (dry wells).
Between the period of 2004-2006 the Agency with financial support from GoG, DANIDA and DFID drilled over 200 boreholes fitted with hand-pumps in guinea-worm communities in the Volta (34), Brong Ahafo (16), Upper West (69), Northern (108) Regions. In addition piped water supply schemes are being constructed for Duccie in the Upper West Region and Sibi Central, Sibi Hill, kpassa and other endemic communities in the Northern part of the Volta Region.
Coalition of NGOs in the Water and Sanitation Sector (CONIWAS) will serve as the vehicles for mobilizing and educating their members to adhere to the NCWSP sector policy. The CWSA and the Water Directorate are providing support to the coalition to enable it play this facilitative role.
The NCWSP shall continue to build capacity of structures at all levels (Regional, District and Community) to enable them play more effectively the roles required of them in the delivery of water and sanitation as well as hygiene promotion to rural communities and small towns.