CWSA aims at increasing the coverage of water and sanitation to 76% by 2015 in line with the Agency’s revised Strategic Investment Plan (SIP).
THE STRATEGIC INVESTMENT PLANS-MEDIUM AND LONG TERM
The investments need of the Community Water and Sanitation Agency have been well articulated over the years in a series of Strategic investments Plans (SIP). These investment plans present the financing requirements for achieving projected population coverage of the National Community Water and Sanitation Programme (NCWSP) over a certain period of time. The main purpose of the various SIPs was to determine the magnitude of investments required to provide safe drinking water and improved sanitation to rural communities and small towns. They basically out lined the annual objectives, outputs, activities and inputs to attain the target coverage of safe drinking water and improved sanitation facilities perceived at the time. The documents also incorporated strategies for mobilizing the resources needed to finance the national programme. In order to maintain their relevance, the SIPs are regularly revised or updated in order to match the changing needs and targets of the sub-sector, and to mobilize the requisite resources to meet the set targets.
The first SIP was developed in 1993 for the implementation period between 1994 and 2004 with an estimated cost of US$215 million aimed for coverage of 80% of water and sanitation. This was reviewed and second SIP developed in 1998 for implementation during. This was reviewed and a second SIP developed in 1998 for implementation during 1999 and 2008.The aim of the 1998 SIP was to increase coverage of rural water to 83% by 2008. the total cost of interventions was estimated at US$ 415.8. Amid-term review of this SIP was scheduled for 2003 but the adoption of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the elaboration of the Ghana Poverty Reduction Strategy document gave to the need to reassess national targets and launch a more ambitious development framework for the sub-sector. This gave rise to the elaboration of the 2005 to 2015 Strategic Investment Plan.
The Plan targeted 85% coverage by the and of services 2015, and required up to US$756 million as investment over an eleven-pear period to achieve this goal. Details of the number facilities required and the cost implication are given in table below. Main critique of the 2005 SIP was that it was too optimistic if not ambitious. CWSA was therefore requested to com out with a Medium Term Strategic Investment Plan that aimed at splitting the long term development framework into two five year’s packages. The first package covers the period 2008-2012, and it is expected to raise coverage from the current level of 52.86-72% by the and of 2012.it is estimated that CWSA will require an additional US$82.35 million in terms of external investments to attain this target for water.
In the area of sanitation, CWSA`s role is being redefined as contributing to the efforts of the Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Environment (MLGRDE), which is seen as the main organization with the mandate to drive the sanitation agenda of the country. In this light it is being proposed to put up to 30% equivalent of the total US$24 million and will go into promoting the Total Sanitation, Public Private Partnership on Hand with Soap and practice of basic hygiene in Communities, Credit Scheme for Latrine Construction, Technology Development and Creation of Sanitation Markets.